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December 2016 Texas Medicaid Provider Procedures Manual

Children’s Services Handbook : 4 Texas Health Steps (THSteps) Dental : 4.2 Services, Benefits, Limitations, and Prior Authorization : 4.2.32 Mandatory Prior Authorization : 4.2.32.3 Orthodontic Services

4.2.32.3
Prior authorization is required for all orthodontic services except for rebonding or recementing of fixed retainers (procedure code D8693). Providers must maintain documentation of medical necessity in the client’s dental record for rebonding or recementing of fixed retainers.
Orthodontic services do not include any related services outside those listed in this section (e.g., extractions or surgeries); however, all services must be included in the orthodontic treatment plan.
Approved orthodontic treatment plans must be initiated before clients lose Medicaid eligibility or reach 21 years of age, and all active orthodontic treatments must be completed within 36 months of the authorization date. Services cannot be added or approved after eligibility has expired.
Note:
If a client reaches 21 years of age or loses Medicaid eligibility before the authorized orthodontic services are completed, reimbursement is provided to complete the orthodontic treatment plan that was authorized and initiated while the client was 20 years of age or younger and eligible for Texas Medicaid as long as the orthodontic treatment plan is completed within the appropriate time frames.
Any non-orthodontic service that is included as part of the treatment plan (extractions or surgeries) must be completed before the client loses eligibility or reaches 21 years of age in order to be reimbursed through Texas Medicaid. Services cannot be added or approved after Texas Medicaid eligibility has expired.
Once prior authorization is obtained, the provider is obligated to advise the client that he or she is able to receive the approved orthodontic service (including monthly orthodontic adjustment visits and retainers) even if the client loses eligibility or reaches his or her 21st birthday.
All requests must be reviewed by the TMHP Dental Director or other state dental contractor’s board-eligible or board-certified orthodontist employee or consultant who is licensed in Texas.
To avoid unnecessary denials, providers must submit correct and complete information, including documentation for medical necessity for the services requested. Providers must maintain documentation of medical necessity in the client’s medical record. Requesting providers may be asked for additional information to clarify or complete a request.
A completed Texas Health Steps (THSteps) Dental Mandatory Prior Authorization Request Form must be signed and dated by the performing dental provider. The completed authorization form must include the procedure codes for all services requested along with a written statement of medical necessity for the proposed orthodontic treatment.
All prior authorization requests for orthodontic services must be accompanied by an attestation from the requesting provider that the provider is either a pediatric dentist or orthodontist.
General dentists who are requesting prior authorization for orthodontic services must attest and maintain documentation of a minimum of 200 hours of continuing dental education specifically in orthodontics within the last 10 years; 8 hours can be online or self-instruction.
Proof of the completion of continuing education hours is not required to be submitted with a request for prior authorization of orthodontic services; however, documentation must be produced by the dentist during retrospective review. All attestations are subject to compliance review and orthodontic services may be subject to recoupment.
4.2.32.3.1
The prior authorization form must include all of the procedures that are required to complete the requested treatment including, but not limited to, the following:
A completed and scored Handicapping Labio-Lingual Deviations (HLD) Index with a diagnosis of Angle class (a minimum of 26 points are required for approval of non-cleft palate cases). If attaining a qualifying score of 26 points is uncertain, a brief narrative should be provided.
Note:
A score of a minimum 26 points on the HLD index does not indicate an automatic approval for comprehensive orthodontics. Approval will be based on the diagnostic workup supporting the HLD index. Documentation provided must be reviewed by a qualified board eligible or board certified orthodontist.
When requesting prior authorization, providers must include diagnostic models, radiographs (X-rays), cephalometic X-ray with tracings, photographs, and other supporting documentation with the THSteps Dental Mandatory Prior Authorization Request Form.
All required documents must be submitted together in one package per prior authorization request. Prior authorization requests that are not submitted in one package per request will be considered incomplete.
Note:
All documentation submitted with an incomplete request will be sent back to the provider with a letter that indicates the prior authorization request was incomplete. Providers must resubmit prior authorization requests with all the required documentation within 14 business days of the request receipt date, or the request will be denied as “incomplete.”
4.2.32.3.2
Prior authorization requests must include the date of service the diagnostic tools were obtained (the date of service the dental records were produced). All diagnostic tools must be properly labeled and protected when shipped by the provider. If any diagnostic tool is damaged during shipment, the provider may be required to reproduce the documentation for consideration of the case for prior authorization.
Note:
If medical necessity cannot be determined from the diagnostic tools that are submitted with the request, the prior authorization request may be denied.

TMHP will be responsible for retaining an image of each diagnostic tool that is submitted for every complete orthodontic prior authorization request.
Copies of diagnostic models, X-rays, and any other paper diagnostic tools will be accepted and are preferred. Copies will not be returned, but providers will be required to maintain the dental records for retrospective review. Originals will be returned to the submitting provider only when the document is clearly marked “original.”
Diagnostic models in the form of plaster casts are preferred; however, providers may choose the positions in which the casts are made. E-models must be in the centric occlusion position.
Radiographs that are submitted must include, but are not limited to, the following:
Photographic images must be submitted with the request and must be in a 1:1 ratio format (actual size), including, but not limited to, the following:
X-rays must be of diagnostic quality and do not have to be submitted on photographic quality paper.
Submitting providers must attest that radiographs, photographs, and other documentation are unaltered.
4.2.32.3.3
Extensions on allowed time frames may be considered no sooner than 60 days before the authorization expires. Extra monthly adjustments (procedure code D8670) will not be prior authorized, but the time frame may be considered for extension not to exceed 36 months of actual treatment. Providers must submit the following:
Note:
4.2.32.3.4
Requests for crossbite therapy (procedure codes D8050 or D8060) require the submission of diagnostic models to receive authorization. An HLD score sheet is not required for crossbite therapy.
Providers that submit requests for crossbite therapy must maintain documentation in the client’s record that demonstrates the following criteria:
4.2.32.3.5
A THSteps Dental Mandatory Prior Authorization Form must be completed when requesting prior authorization for orthodontic appliances for minor treatment to control harmful habits. Documentation must support medical necessity of any appliance requested.
Providers must submit diagnostic models when requesting prior authorization for a removable appliance or fixed appliance.
Procedure codes D8210 or D8220 may only be approved for control of harmful habits including, but not limited to, thumb sucking or tongue thrusting and may not be prior authorized for services that are related to comprehensive orthodontic services.
4.2.32.3.6
Prior authorization for the premature termination of orthodontic services (procedure code D8680) is required.
Premature termination of orthodontic services includes all of the following:
The prior authorization must include all of the following for consideration:
Documentation that the parent, legal guardian, or the client, if he or she is 18 years of age or older or an emancipated minor, understands that the provider is terminating the orthodontic services, and the client is no longer eligible for orthodontic services by Texas Medicaid/THSteps.
In addition to the final record, the provider requesting premature termination of orthodontic services must submit a copy of the signed release form that includes the following:
A signature by one of the following:
Note:
A client for whom removal of an appliance has occurred due to the client’s request, or is uncooperative or non-compliant will not be eligible for any additional Medicaid orthodontic services.
Child of a migrant farm worker. With the intent to complete orthodontic treatment at a later date if Medicaid eligibility for orthodontic services continues.
Note:
If comprehensive orthodontic services are terminated due to extenuating circumstances, clients will be eligible for completion of their Medicaid orthodontic services if the services are re-initiated while the client is eligible for Medicaid.
The requesting provider will be responsible for removal of the orthodontic appliances, final records, and fabrication and delivery of orthodontic retainers at the time of premature removal or at any future time should the client present to the treating provider’s office.
4.2.32.3.7
Prior authorization that is issued to a provider for orthodontic services is not transferable to another provider. The new provider must request a new prior authorization to complete the orthodontic treatment that was initiated by the original provider. The original prior authorization will be end-dated when services are transferred to another provider.
The new provider must obtain his or her own records, and the new request for orthodontic services must include the date of service on which the documentation was obtained (the date of service on which the records were produced) and the following supporting documentation:
Note:
The authorization request for clients who are undergoing orthodontic treatment services and subsequently become eligible for Medicaid are subject to the same requirements.
4.2.32.3.8
Authorization may be given for continuation of orthodontic cases for clients who initiated orthodontic treatment through a private arrangement before becoming eligible for Medicaid.
Authorization will not be given for continuation of orthodontic cases for clients who initiated orthodontic treatment through a private arrangement and were eligible for Medicaid at the start of service.

Texas Medicaid & Healthcare Partnership
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